Iran quake survivors endure second night without shelter

Rescue workers search for survivors in Sarpol-e Zahab in Iran's western province of Kermanshah on November 13, 2017Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption Emergency teams say there is now little hope of finding any more survivors

Thousands of Iranians have spent a second night outdoors in near-freezing temperatures after a devastating earthquake hit the west of the country.

The government is scrambling to get aid to the worst-hit area in the mountainous province of Kermanshah, where hundreds of homes were destroyed.

More than 400 people were killed and about 7,000 injured when the quake hit near the Iran-Iraq border on Sunday.

Iran has declared Tuesday a national day of mourning.

President Hassan Rouhani is due to visit the region.

Iranian officials said 413 people had died in the country. In the more sparsely populated areas across the border in Iraq, officials said nine people had died and several hundred were injured.

Iranian state TV said thousands of survivors were spending another night in makeshift camps or in the open. Many whose homes were still intact were frightened of returning because of dozens of aftershocks.

“It is a very cold night… we need help. We need everything. The authorities should speed up their help,” said one homeless young woman in Sarpol-e-Zahab, where most of the victims died.

One aid agency said 70,000 people needed shelter and the UN said it was “ready to assist if required”.

Later on Monday, Iranian emergency officials said the search for any more survivors was largely over.

Image copyright EPA
Image caption Temporary hospitals have been set up in some areas
Image copyright EPA
Image caption medical centres have been struggling to cope with the number of injured

Maj Gen Mohammad Ali Jafari, head of the elite Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC), said that the immediate needs were tents, water and food.

“Newly constructed buildings… held up well, but the old houses built with earth were totally destroyed,” he told state TV while visiting the affected region.

The Iranian Red Crescent said many areas lacked water and electricity and that aid supplies were being hampered by blocked roads. Iranian army helicopters were taking part in the relief effort.

About 30 Red Crescent teams are working in the earthquake zone, the official Irna news agency reported.

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Media captionThe moment the Iran-Iraq quake hits Darbandikhan Dam control room

Authorities said that more than 30,000 houses had been damaged and at least two villages completely destroyed.

The 7.3-magnitude quake – the deadliest in the world this year – struck at 21:18 local time (18:18 GMT) about 30km (19 miles) south of Darbandikhan, near the north-eastern border with Iran, the US Geological Survey (USGS) said.

Tremors were felt as far away as Turkey, Israel and Kuwait.

In Sarpol-e-Zahab on Monday a woman and her baby were pulled alive from rubble, Iranian media said.

The town’s main hospital was badly damaged and was struggling to treat hundreds of injured people, state TV reported.

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